HVAC tab in model data under Mechanical Ventilation header

Fan operation mode (Compact, Unitary systems only)

In Compact Unitary HVAC systems the supply fan has two different possible operating modes. The choices for this field are:



For most commercial buildings, continuous fan operation will continue to supply outside air to the zones as typically required by code. For continuous fan operation, the 'System Availability Schedule' (see above) is the supply fan operating schedule. For systems where the supply fan only runs when either cooling or heating needs to be supplied to the zone such as for many residential systems, cycling should be specified.

Fan Type

When using Simple HVAC, enter the type of fan. Select from:



Note that in Simple HVAC the Auxiliary energy data accounts for all electric fan and pump distribution energy plus controls and any other electrical energy use associated with HVAC that is not already accounted for elsewhere.

Fan pressure rise

Enter the pressure rise at full flow and standard conditions. Standard conditions are considered 20°C at sea level, 101325 Pa.


You can calculate the approximate fan pressure rise from Specific Fan Power (SFP) data using:


Delta P = 1000 * SFP * Fan total efficiency


Annex E of ISO 5801 shows that by rearranging the formula it can be derived that the SFP is a function of fan pressure divided by the efficiency of the fan system. Therefore the SFP will increase or decrease with a respective increase or decrease in the system pressure.


The SFP is a function of the volume flow of the fan and the electrical power input and is quoted for a particular flow rate;


SFP = Pe/ V




V is volume flow (l/s)

Peis electrical power input (W) to the fan system or complete air movement installation


[Reference FMA, UK, 2006]


Typical values for various system types are shown in the table below.


System Type

Specific Fan Power


Central mechanical ventilation including heating, cooling and heat recovery


Central mechanical ventilation including heating and cooling


All other systems


Local ventilation units within the local area, such as window/wall/roof units, serving one room/area


Local ventilation units remote from the local area, such as ceiling void or roof mounted units, serving one room/area


Fan coil units (rating weighted average)



Source ESTA:

Fan total efficiency (%)

Enter the product of the fan motor and impeller efficiency of the supply fan. This is the ratio of the power delivered to the air to the electrical input power at maximum flow expressed as a percentage. The motor efficiency is the power delivered to the shaft divided by the electrical power input to the motor. The fan efficiency is power delivered to the air divided by the shaft power. The power delivered to the fluid is the mass flow rate of the air multiplied by the pressure rise divided by the air density. Must be greater than 0 and less than or equal to 100.

Fan motor in air (%)

Enter the percentage of the motor heat that is added to the air stream. A value of 0 means that the motor is completely outside the air stream. A value of 100 means that all of the motor heat will go into the air stream and act to cause a temperature rise. Must be between 0 and 100.

Fan placement

Enter the supply fan placement type. There are two choices:



The default is 1-Draw through.

Fan part-load power coefficients

Select the set of generic pre-defined coefficients to use for the supply fan part-load power consumption. Choices are:



The resulting power curves are shown in the graph below. The ASHRAE 90.1-2004 Appendix G coefficients are from TABLE G3.1.3.15, Method 2. The other sets of coefficients are from the EnergyPlus Input Output Reference, Fan Coefficient Values table.

Fan power and temperature pick up calculations

The calculations for fan power and airflow temperature pick up are detailed in the EnergyRelated TopicsPlRelated Topicsus EnginRelated Topicseering reference. A summary is provided below:

Total Fan Power = Mass flow rate . DeltaP / (Total fan efficiency . Air density)

Shaft Fan Power = Motor efficiency . Total Fan Power

Heat to air = Shaft Fan Power + (Total Fan Power - Shaft Fan Power) . Motor in air fraction